Questão 40 - In 1993, the dawn of the Internet age, the liberating anonymity of the online world was captured in a wellknown New Yorker cartoon. One dog, sitting at a computer, tells another: ¿On the Internet, nobody knows you¿re a dog.¿ Fifteen years later, that anonymity is gone.Technology companies have long used ¿cookies,¿ little bits of tracking software slipped onto your computer, and other means, to record the Web sites you visit, the ads you click on, even the words you enter in search engines ¿ information that some hold onto forever. They¿re not telling you they¿re doing it, and they¿re not asking permission.Internet service providers (I.S.P.¿s) are now getting into the act. Because they control your connection, they can keep track of everything you do online, and there have been reports that I.S.P.¿s may have started to sell the information they collect.The driving force behind this prying is commerce. The big growth area in online advertising right now is ¿behavioral targeting.¿ Web sites can charge a premium if they are able to tell the maker of an expensive sports car that its ads will appear on Web pages clicked on by upperincome, middle-aged men.The New York Times, April 5th 2008.ISP = Provedores de serviço de internet.

De acordo com o texto, a evolução da internet nos últimos quinze anos permite concluir que

a) o foco principal do comércio eletrônico são homens de meia idade.
b) a liberdade de expressão é o bem mais cultuado no mundo digital.
c) a supressão de cookies é um grande problema das empresas de tecnologia.
d) as buscas dos usuários na internet são previsíveis.
e) a vigilância a que somos submetidos é resultado de interesses comerciais.

Resposta: E

A leitura do enunciado presente na linha na linha 17: The driving force behind this prying is commerce. (A forte influência por trás dessa intromissão é o comércio.) aponta para a alternativa e,  que afirma que a vigilância a que somos submetidos é resultado de interesses comerciais.

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