Questão 36

Questão 36 - Two in every three people on the planet¿some 4 billion in total¿are ¿excluded from the rule of law.¿ In many cases, this begins with the lack of official recognition of their birth: around 40% of the developing world¿s five-yearold children are not registered as even existing.Later, people will find that the home they live in, theland they farm, or the business that they start, is not protected by legally enforceable property rights. Even in the rare cases when they can afford to go to court, the service is poor. India, for example, has only 11 judges for every 1million people.These alarming statistics are contained in a reportfrom a commission on the legal empowerment of the poor, released on June 3rd at the United Nations. It argues that not only are such statistics evidence of grave injustice, they also reflect one of the main reasons why so much of humanity remains mired in poverty. Because they are outside the rule of law, the vast majority of poor people are obliged to work (if they work at all) in the informal economy, which is less productive than the formal, legal part of the economy.The Economist, June 7th 2008.

Redação |

De acordo com o texto,
a) dois terços da população mundial vivem à margem da
lei.
b) quarenta por cento dos recém-nascidos no mundo não
são registrados.
c) o comércio em países em desenvolvimento é
rigidamente regulado.
d) casos de posse ilegal de terra são combatidos pelos
governos de países pobres.
e) os cidadãos de países em desenvolvimento esperam
muito tempo para obter documentos pessoais. 



Resposta: A

O início do texto relata que Two in every three people on the planet ¿ some four billion in total ¿ are excluded from the rule of law¿ (Duas em cada três pessoas do planeta ¿ cerca de quatro bilhões no total ¿ estão excluídas do mundo da lei...). Portanto, tal trecho aponta para a alternativa a, na qual se afirma que dois terços da população mundial vivem à margem da lei.

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